IT Management - Security Considerations when permitting corporate use of Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and other Social Media
Recently, a client of ours requested some information regarding security considerations should a corporation permit employees to use social media such as Facebook, YouTube, Twitter and other sites.
It is a common problem. There are a few issues here which need to be considered;
1) Yes there are cross-site scripting issues with the websites. But the vulnerabilities are in the websites themselves, so youtube.com, facebook.com and twitter.com are managed by internal staff - if they are vulnerable then everybody is. It is really out of your control. The worms use to propagate, such as the recent Facebook worm which was posting adult images, abuse the [zero-day] vulnerability in the website... eventually the sysadmins discover the worm and close the gap.
4) There is the crossdomain.xml policy - http://www.adobe.com/devnet/articles/crossdomain_policy_file_spec.html. This is dependent on the website.
5) Researchers occasionally uncover browser vulnerabilities which breach the internal browser cross-domain security policy... so the result may be a vulnerability despite proactive protections and hardened configuration.
6) Antivirus vendors such as TrendMicro provide browser add-ons which check and report all URLs accessed by clients world-wide. The Trend Micro Threat Intelligence cloud and other reputable AV companies will notice the worm after a handful of end-users report the malicious action of a site. In this case, a few users will be infected but after the cloud picks up on this, the URL will be blacklisted globally until the threat is eliminated, thus protecting end-users providing you're not the first few visitors to be infected.
7) Obviously if you have a HTTP AV / Content Filter proxy then this may detect some worms.
So to summarise, there are many different preventative measures you can take to avoid infection. Implementing all of the above may significantly reduce your risk, but after all is said and done, if the youtube.com / facebook.com / twitter.com domains are vulnerable, you are waiting on them to provide a fix.
If there is a known, unpatched worm spreading and the media has alerted users like the recent facebook adult photos and dead animals worm, you could temporarily ban access to those sites on the firewall until the worm is cleared to try and protect staff.
Another matter worth considering is whether there is a risk of staff seeing objectionable material such as pornography from the worm and the staff going on stress leave, workers compensation or suing for psychological damages etc etc.
Some organisations try to minimise law suits by implementing strict policies about what to do when someone sends you pornographic material and you unexpectedly open it. There is paper work to complete including who sent the email (they are permanently added to a blacklist), listing all who received the email, any 3rd parties that saw it on your screen, ensuring that email archive / data backup staff store the offending email if needed for court on tape, and email admin staff forcibly deleting copies from staff inboxes by conducting email audits.
Hopefully this gives you some insight into corporate considerations prior to blanket access of social media websites for staff.
The web server has directory listings enabled, which may reveal folder contents that might otherwise be hidden from an attacker looking for sensitive information,
Modify the apache2.conf file and set the folder “Options” directive to -Indexes, so that directory indexing is disabled and restart the service.